Repurposing is the use of something for a purpose other than its original intended use. Repurposing an item can be done by modifying it to fit a new use, or by using the item as is in a new way.

If we look at our supply value logistics chain. After the consumer has used a product that product can be serviced, repaired, refurbished and eventfully recycled.
But before it ends up in the scrap yard or dump site, there is repurposing. Now not everything can be repurposed but it’s a business that can be started with less capital than buying raw materials new.

Not only can items be repurposed but food as well. Stale rolls can be buttered up with garlic butter and sold as garlic rolls for the braai.  And of course, the broke person in Cape Town favourite, the Jester

A Jester is a small cake, extremely heavy, not in taste but in weight. Bakers scrape together all the cake crumbs, save them and press all these collected crumbs together, the add a thin layer of flaky dough and dusted with icing sugar to create the most delicious dessert you have ever tasted….remember to eat this with coffee as it can be hard to digest sometimes. Aptly named a Jester because no two cakes ever taste the same.

We have actually covered a few repurposing businesses already:
Shipping containers are made for shipping goods on sea, people live in them, use it for shops or offices, even a bar
Braais made from washing machine drums
Plastic bottles turned into rope

And some others
Wine barrels are used to store wine, people make planters or cabinets with it or use it as ornaments

See also
Residential Shipping Container Conversion Ideas
Commercial Shipping Container Conversion Ideas